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Types Of Space In Photography

Joaquimma Anna May 1, 2023
Space in photography is a powerful tool that can help a photographer create stunning pieces of art. There are many different types of space, including negative space, positive space, and abstract space. Negative space is the area around a subject that has nothing to do with the subject itself. Positive space is the area of the composition that makes up the main subjects and elements. Lastly, abstract space is used to create an atmosphere or mood within an artwork by using shapes and colors. By understanding these different types

File:Star-forming region S106 (captured by the Hubble Space Telescope …

Types Of Space In Photography

Space is a critical element in photography that plays a significant role in how the audience perceives an image. It refers to the extent or distance between objects or subjects in a photograph, and it can be manipulated to create visual interest, depth, and perspective in an image. Understanding the different types of space in photography is essential for creating compelling compositions that evoke emotion and experience. Let’s take a closer look at the various types of space in photography.

Positive Space

Positive space refers to the area occupied by the subject or object in a photograph. It’s what draws the viewer’s attention to specific aspects of the composition, enabling them to connect with what they are seeing. Positive space can be used to emphasize various elements, like texture, color, shape, and size.

A perfect example of positive space is portrait photography where the subject occupies most of the frame. The model becomes unique through positive space created by their attire worn, expression on their face or body position. This technique allows viewers appreciate every detail of your subject such as personality and character attributes. The colour scheme or background should be considered when shooting portraits since this can complement or contrast with positive space.

Negative Space

Negative space refers to emptiness surrounding positive spaces within an image; it is sometimes called white space because it often appears white or light-coloured although it can be any color(s). Negative space provides balance that draws attention towards its surroundings without over-focusing on one element attracting viewers’ attention towards additional details throughout its surroundings

For instance, consider nature photography where negative spaces are often used prominently. By making use of negative spaces around nature like trees or animals creates more emphasis on them while highlighting their environment’s beauty at same time.This emphasizes how important maintaining environmental spaces is.

Deep Space

Deep space, also known as three-dimensional space, is the illusion of depth within an image. As a result, it creates the impression that the photograph has depth and that the viewer could reach inside it.

For instance, landscape photography can benefit from deep spaces in images to make a flat landscape appear 3 dimensional by including nearby mountains or cliffs to provide depth. This makes viewers feel like they can step into the photograph.

Shallow Space

Shallow space or two-dimensional space refers to images with little or no depth. Elements in the foreground are positioned near elements in the background without us noticing a sense of “deepness.” Shallow spaces are often used in abstract or minimalist photography where fewer details cause viewers to focus on specific aspects of an image.

This type of photography is often used for advertisements since its simplicity can give out messages without distracting people from its content.Likewise, product photography like food or clothing items may use this technique since it allows for a clear view and focus on details such as texture and colour.


Closeness is another kind of space relating more towards texture than distance. It might be anything from having close-ups showing every detail and imperfection to framing individuals tightly within the camera’s viewfinder.

Closeness technique in photography captures intricate details that may not be noticed at first glance but become noticeable when observed up close such as makeup details which allow viewers appreciate their beauty better. Similarly, this technique on products shows off all the intriguing information that buyers should know about what they are purchasing so they can consider whether it suits them well enough even after purchase.

The Conclusion

In conclusion, space plays an essential role in photography, and each type of space offers a unique set of possibilities to photographers. By understanding the different types of space in photography, you can create compositions that evoke emotion and experience while captivating your audience’s attention. These spaces are used together for the best results, all photographers must consider which type is right for their intention when creating their final artwork.

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Learning how to use negative space in photography took me a while when I was starting out as a photographer and I get asked about it a lot so we made this photography video to explain. Negative space can enhance a photo and give it peace. It also helps the viewer know where to look and what the image is all about in a way that’s more gentle and …

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